A tortured Prisoner is seen in the Buchenwald concentration camp in April 1945. The construction of Buchenwald camp started 15 July 1937 and was liberated by US General Patton’s army 11 April 1945. Between 239,000 and 250,000 people were imprisoned in this camp. About 56,000 died among which 11,000 Jews. On the 5th of April Patton’s army liberated the Buchenwald commandos in Ohrdruf. A few thousand Russian and Hungarian Jews, and gypsies were then miserably evacuated from the main camp Buchenwald by the Germans to camps such as Dachau and Flossenburg. On the 11th of April the International Committee (created in August 1943 by the prisoners), who managed to obtain and hide arms during previous shelling, gave the order for an insurrection which pave the way for the US army.